Then , in 1818, his mother , whom he loved very dearly , died . Happily for him , when his father maried again , the second wife was a good mother to him to . Seeing that Abraham liked reading , she did all she could to help him . But the family was poor and the boy could not get many books . His favourite ones were ' The life of George Washington ' and ' Robinson Crusoe ' by Daniel Defoe . He himself later said that he only went to school " by littles " - a litle now and a little then , and not more than a year in all . But he worked hard and later even became a lawyer .
In 1847 he was selected a member of the US Congress . In all his political work , Lincoln thought of building a free state for all the people . The state , he said , could not be half free and half slaves , it must be all one or all the other .
In 1860 , Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States . Then he worked still harder for freedom for the slaves .
During the Civil War betwen the North and South,Lincoln was named commander-in-chief of the Union Army , and in 1865 the war was won by the Union Army and those who wanted freedom for the slaves .
In 1864 , he was elected President of the United States for the second time . But his enemies , the owners of the plantations in the South and the bankers in New - York who had grown rich on the work of the slaves , could not let Lincoln continue his good work . He was shot in a theatre in New York on April 14 , 1865 and he died the next day .